All Rights Reserved

Copyright © 2018-2022 by Donald Laird

Copyright © 2011-2018 by Donald Laird, Barbara Zukin Heiman, Windsor Green, Corrine Haverinen, Marilyn P. Kelly, and Mike Starkey

Practical Photoshop®
Cotati, CA 94931

For inquiries or to report problems or errors, please contact us at .

Notice of Rights

All rights reserved. No part of this book or the accompanying electronic files may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means—electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise—without the prior written permission of the publisher.


Adobe® Photoshop® and Adobe® Bridge® are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems, inc. in the United States and other countries.

Notice of Liability

The information in these electronic book are distributed on an “as is” basis, without warranty. While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, none of the authors shall have any liability to any person or entity with respect to any liability, loss, or damage caused or alleged to be caused directly or indirectly by the instructions contained herein, or by the computer software or hardware products described herein or provided on the website that accompanies our books.